Longyan is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Fujian province, bordering the provinces of Guangdong to the south and Jiangxi to the west.
Longyan is situated in the upper reaches of the Jiulong and Ting rivers. Longyan borders the municipalities of Sanming to the north, Quanzhou to the east, Zhangzhou to the southeast, and the provinces of Jiangxi and Guangdong to the west and south, respectively.
The city has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with short, mild winters and long, humid summers. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 11.6 C (52.9 F) in January to 27.5 C (81.5 F) in July. Rainfall is greatest in spring and early summer and lowest in autumn and early winter.
Unlike many Chinese cities, the forest coverage of Longyan reaches an unusually high 77.9 percent, which is unparalleled in Fujian province.
In 736 AD (the Tang Dynasty), the prefecture of Tingzhou was established in western Fujian, administering Changting, Huanglian and Xinluo counties. Six years later Xinluo was named Longyan after the nearby cavern, a famous scenic site.
Due to the ancient conflicts in Central China and aggression from northern tribes, many Han people moved from Central China to Longyan.
In 1734, the area was designated Longyan prefecture by the imperial court. In 1913, it reverted to its former name, Longyan county. In 1981, Longyan city was established.
Minxi was a strategic base during the Chinese Civil War. It's said that tens of thousands of people from Longyan joined the PLA during the Chinese Civil War. Nearly every family had someone sacrifice their life on behalf of the CCP. More than 26,000 locals took part in the Long March, which in total was carried out by 86,000 people.
Moreover, from 1955 and 1968, 68 people from Longyan were awarded Brigadier General or above, which accounts for 82 percent of all generals from Fujian province at the time. Therefore, Longyan is also known as the "Home of Generals".
Longyan is famous as the "Home of Hakka People", as Hakka people take up 75 percent of the entire population. The city of Changting is often referred to as the home of the Hakka. The Ting River is known as the "mother river" of the Hakka people.
Hoklo people in Xinluo and Zhangping speak Hokkien, though the language is somewhat influenced by the Hakka accent. Due to the difference between Hoklo and Hakka culture, there is a diversity of traditions and values in Longyan.
Longyan serves as a strategic center for the distribution of goods to Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou. It also acts as a gateway for trade with Guangdong and Jiangxi province.
It is the main connection between the inland and coastal area. Longyan is rich in natural resources, such as important mineral deposits and forest zones.
The Septwolves tobacco business is an important contributor to the local economy, as is the Zijin Mining Group. The largest construction equipment maker, Lonking Holdings, is also based in the city.