Amongst the mysterious karst land formations in China’s Southeast Fujian province, a miraculous discovery was made in in the 1980s; Wanshouyan, Paleolithic era site that evidences human life 185,000 years ago.
Fujian has a complex geological structure, with 118 kinds of proven mineral resources, including two energy mineral resources (blind coal and terrestrial heat), 31 metallic minerals, 82 non-metallic minerals and one aqueous mineral resource.
Fujian was called the Region of Minyue (Seven Min Tribes) in ancient times. During the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), the prefecture of Min-Zhong was launched to govern Dongye (now called Fuzhou).
A majority of Fujian’s people speak Mandarin, which has been the medium of education in China since the 1950s and is the main language in Fujian. The province does, however, have many of its own dialects. The terrain is mountainous and, at one time, nearly every valley had its own language.
Fujian province’s GDP for 2012 was 1.97 trillion yuan ($321.41 billion), with a year-on-year increase of 11.4 percent. The National Bureau of Statistics of China reported GDP for the entire country last year of 51.93 trillion yuan, for a year-on-year increase of 7.8 percent.
Lying on the southeastern coast of China and bordering Zhejiang province, Jiangxi province and Guangdong province, Fujian faces Taiwan across the Taiwan Straits and is one of the closest mainland provinces to Southeast Asia and Oceania. It is an important window and base of China for global exchanges.