Yuan Rongxiang was born in 1955, in Shengzhou, Zhejiang Province, and received a postgraduate diploma from the Central Party School. Yuan joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 1978. He is a trained accountant.
He is currently a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee and head of the Publicity Department of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee. In addition, the 17th CPC National Congress elected Yuan as an alternate member of the 17th CPC Central Committee.