Fujian has a complex geological structure, with 118 kinds of proven mineral resources, including two energy mineral resources (blind coal and terrestrial heat), 31 metallic minerals, 82 non-metallic minerals and one aqueous mineral resource. There are also extensive reserves of gold, silver, lead, zinc, manganese, kaolin, cement rock, granite, alunite, pyrophyllite and sulfur. The reserve volume of limestone totals 700 million tons, which can be used to manufacture cement for 200 years. Its reserve volume of Shoushan stones ranks highest among provinces in China, while reserves of kaolin rank third. Both the reserve volume and the quality of quartz sand rank highest among provinces in the country.
Boasting a large sea area, Fujian has a coastline extending more than 3,300 kilometers. It has 1,400 large and small islands and 22 large harbors capable of building 10,000-ton deepwater berths. The maritime domain of Fujian is a transitional sea area between the East China Sea and South China Sea. The shallow sea of the subtropical continental shelf features the convergence of cold and warm currents and injection of extensive fresh water. The fertile water quality brings about extensive floating organisms and abundant aquatic resources. The total area of available offshore fishing grounds reaches 125,000 square kilometers, in which the total area for breeding of seashell, alga and marine products hits 2,700 square kilometers. With more than 500 fish stocks, Fujian is one of China's major fishery regions.
Rich in water resources, Fujian boasts many streams. There are 29 water systems and 663 rivers. The total length of inland rivers reaches 13,569 kilometers. Its theoretical waterpower reserves are 10.46 million kW, with a possible installed capacity of 7.05 million kW, the most in East China.
Fujian is one of four major forest regions in China. With abundant forest resources, its forest coverage rate reaches 6.67 million hectares. Its total wooded area is 6 million hectares. Its timber reserves amount to 400 million cubic meters, with timber output ranking among the top three provinces in China. Its forest coverage rate of 62.9 percent also ranks first in China. There are 1,943 species of wood plants, 400 species of timber trees and 140 species of bamboo. Besides providing timber, they are also widely applied in the logging industry.